Le Hou Dissertation Defense: "Deep Learning for Digital Histopathology across Multiple Scales"

Dates: 
Friday, November 22, 2019 - 12:00pm to 1:00pm
Location: 
NCS 120
Event Description: 

Le Hou Dissertation Defense: "Deep Learning for Digital Histopathology across Multiple Scales"

ABSTRACT: Histopathology is the study of tissue changes caused by diseases such as cancer. It plays a crucial role in disease diagnosis, survival analysis and development of new treatments. Using computer vision techniques, I focus on multiple tasks for automated analysis in digital histopathology images, which are challenging because histopathology images are heterogeneous and complex, due to the large variation of hundreds of cancer types in gigapixel resolution. In this thesis, I show how histopathology image analysis tasks can be viewed in three scales: Whole Slide Image (WSI)-level, patch-level and cellular-level, and present my contributions in each resolution level.

WSI-level analysis such as classifying WSIs into cancer types is challenging, because conventional classification methods such as off-the-shelf deep learning models cannot be applied directly on gigapixel WSIs due to computational limitations. I contribute a patch-based deep learning method that classifies gigapixel WSIs into cancer types and subtypes with close-to-human performance. This method is useful for computer-aided diagnosis. At patch-level, I contribute a novel method for histopathology image patch classification. On the task of identifying Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocyte (TIL) regions, the prediction result of this method correlates to the survival rate of patients. At cellular-level, I contribute novel methods for nucleus classification and roundness regression, which are interpretable features for histopathology studies. With this method, I generated a large-scale dataset of segmented nuclei, in WSIs from a large publicly available digital histopathology image dataset, to help advance histopathology research.

Computed Event Type: 
Mis
Event Title: 
Le Hou Dissertation Defense: "Deep Learning for Digital Histopathology across Multiple Scales"